Political relations

Québec began developing its relations with Brazil immediately after the country’s return to democracy in 1985. The Government of Québec has been represented in São Paulo since 2008. Even today, the Québec Government Office in São Paulo (BQSP) is Québec’s only representation in South America. Québec also has collaborative ties with the Consulate General of Brazil in Montréal.

Between 2000 and today, there have been over 10 Québec ministerial missions to Brazil. The most recent was led by a Premier of Québec in June 2012 on the occasion of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, commonly called Rio+20.

While the Government of Québec’s actions in Brazil focus mainly on certain states (Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Minas Gerais), it also has relations with other peripheral states.

Looking to play a more influential role on the international scene, several Brazilian states have stepped up their bilateral relations by taking part in various international groups. Since the 2000s, Québec has hosted a dozen visits by the heads of Brazilian states, the most recent being by the Governor of the State of Goiás in September 2016.

In 2006, the State of São Paulo joined Québec and the five other federated states in the Conference of Heads of Government and Partner Regions. Like Québec, the states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro are also members of the Climate Group. As a member of the Network of Regional Governments for Sustainable Development (nrg4SD), Québec is able to make its voice heard, together with those of the five Brazilian states, at international conferences on the environment and the fight against climate change.

Lastly, the National Assembly of Québec maintains relations with Brazilian parliamentarians through the Parliamentary Confederation of the Americas (COPA).

Social security agreement

The Government of Québec signed a social security agreement with the federal government of Brazil, in Brasilia, on October 26, 2011. Essentially, this agreement dovetails and coordinates the programs of the Régime de rentes du Québec (retirement, disability and surviving spouse pensions) with Brazil’s various social security programs. The agreement entered into force on October 1, 2016.


Cooperation agreement on higher education and research

Under separate agreements between the Government of Québec and the governments of the states of Paraná (2004), Rio de Janeiro (2011) and São Paulo (2012), the Ministère des Relations internationales et de la Francophonie (MRIF) has fostered bilateral cooperation through calls for projects based on work on the ground by Québec institutions.


Targeted cooperation agreements

Under separate agreements between the Government of Québec and the governments of the states of Paraná (2004), Rio de Janeiro (2011) and São Paulo (2012), the Ministère des Relations internationales et de la Francophonie (MRIF) has fostered bilateral cooperation through calls for projects based on work on the ground by Québec institutions.

MRIF has support some forty projects since the first cooperation mechanism with the State of Paraná was set up in 2009. The sectors most often targeted by cooperation projects include environmental science, teaching and health.

The Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux (MSSS) has also developed close ties with the Brazilian Council of State Secretaries of Health (CONASS). MSSS and CONASS signed a cooperation agreement in 2004, which was renewed in 2013. The agreement has led to valuable exchanges of information and good practices as well as a number of visits by Brazilian delegations to Québec and Québec missions to Brazil.


Last update: 2017-04-27